GameMaker Studio 2: Action RPG Tutorial (Part 5: Initialisation/Pausing)

hello everybody and welcome to part five
this week we’re gonna be creating a core game object which we’ll call Oh game
that’s going to manage the game so to speak it’s not actually gonna do a whole
lot it’s going to mostly initialize things so any like settings and things
we need to change or run encode right at the very beginning of the game any
global variables we need to establish that kind of thing or handle anything
matter may be any like debug commands and things like that that we need to put
into the game that don’t really fit into other isolated or unique manager objects
okay that doesn’t take a whole lot of time to setup so we’re also going to be
doing a couple of other things we’re going to be bringing in offer style set
and sort of decorating our room so it doesn’t just look like all these red
squares anymore and we’re also going to be what’s the other thing we’re doing oh
that’s right we’re gonna be pausing the game as well I’m gonna be showing you
how to get a poor system in nice to have that in early I think I did it actually
quite late in my primary production stuff but having that in early is is
nice that you can make sure it’s uh enveloped everything consistently
throughout the project so first of all I’m gonna clean up this room and also
create a few new rooms in our room structure and so I’m gonna go to the
cold lair first of all and just select this tile and get a nice big brush and
just right click to just erase everything we’re also gonna delete the
player and however from this room as well and what I’m gonna do is I’m gonna
rename this room um our parent actually I think I will have the player because
we’re probably always going to want an instance of the player in every room we
make so what this room is gonna do is act as a parent room if you will for any
any rooms in our game all that means is we’re going to kind of use this room as
a template for other rooms to copy from mostly in terms of layer structure okay
so what this does is if I have certain layers I know are going to be in every
room if I always have an instances lair I always have this coal there were
collisions if I always have certain tile layers for throwing tiles I could just
add them to the parent room and they’ll be copied across into other rooms all
right so I’m gonna right click on parent and hit create child and you’ll see it
like kind of turns it a little tree form and call this our village and we are the
name of our first room it’s gonna be the the room from the demo is the two little
houses in it and you can see it’s just made you see we’re in our village now
might look like we’ve not actually moved anywhere because it’s the same as this
it’s made a complete copy basically of the other room even down to where the
player is positioned and that as I said the main use for this for us is to
create a layer structure that we can copy from room to room so if in our
village I just go into the collate you can see that each one of these has
become kind of highlighted and that’s showing that it’s basically inheriting
that layer perfectly from the parent room whereas if I and and even if I draw
here like it’s still inheriting because it’s just inheriting all the properties
of that layer from our parent whereas if I made a new layer you’d see it kind of
breaks all of them because they would then all have different debts and so on
right anyway let’s just clear that up for a
second if I come back into our parent and I add another layer in here and just
course put it under there another tile layer and just call it a tiles main it’s
just gonna be one for drawing I mean sort of artwork then I come back into
our village you see our village has now got that layer as well also you can see
on the coal there if I draw this here and I come back into our parent that
doesn’t duplicate back in here because that’s this is the child and this is the
parent okay that’s not the only room I’m gonna make I’m actually going to
duplicate our parent here as a room outside of this inheritance tree and
just call it our in it’s short for initialization and drag it right to the
top so that’s the first room we have a load when we run the game and I’m going
to delete a player from this room so it is just
this black rectangle but still with our width height and like viewport settings
and stuff game resolution and I can go ahead and delete these tile asks and I
don’t need them in the initialization room this is the room where we’re going
to put our game object and then our game object is gonna initialize some settings
and bring us through to whatever room we want to actually start in which will be
our our village room right so we never actually load the our parent room it is
just there as a template for other rooms so we’ll skip straight from our annette
to our village and then from our village to whatever other levels are in our game
we never actually go to this room it’s just that as a template for our other
levels do be careful as you’re editing these rooms that you’re editing the
right ones obviously they all look very alike a phone just you can always just
check up there to make sure you’re on the correct room
okay so just back in the workspace I’m gonna right-click go to resources create
sprite and we’re gonna bring in the tile set for decorating our village so I’m
gonna click import again this is back in our ARPG assets folder with all of our
wonderful artwork I’m going to find s tiles for those of you making your own
artwork this is I think 16 by 16 tile set as in each tile is 16 by 16 the
image can be more at the side she one just is just where all the artwork for
the game is going but if you’re working with the same resolutions as me then
it’s sixteen by sixteen tiles make sure the top left one is blank I’ve not
organized this very well for some reason the entire top row is blank it says it’s
all just kind of a mess but it doesn’t really matter too much for me in terms
of how I place this stuff I’ve actually technically got a couple of like a 16
tile like Auto tile set up here but I actually don’t really like the way game
makers room at a works with sixteen tile or eight tiles my finally quite limiting
and Hardees I mostly just place all my cards manually so I don’t really bother
setting out of it but yeah that’s the sprite don’t need to do anything with a
the origin on collision masculist it just needs to be in got s tiles cuz it’s
more or less all about tiles the I’m gonna go to tilesets create a tile
set and call it T trials just the same really assign the sprite to be s tiles
mine by default it’s gone 16 by 16 so just make sure that that’s correct
you see the top left isn’t anything and all the tiles fit neatly into those
squares all right with that tile layer setup let’s come back to our village
make sure it’s our village as I say they all look quite similar we’ve got that
tiles mean if you haven’t made that layer already make sure you go ahead and
make it make it in the parent ones so it’s inherited and all the others but in
our village select that layer select the tile set to bt tiles and then if you go
to the room editor tab over here if you don’t have that for whatever reason like
you accidentally closed it down it’ll be a room tile editing file selection
window you bring it back it if you accidentally close any of these windows
generally they’ll be like another thing here depending what editor you’re in
this is the room editor so there’s a room one here and it’ll have all the
different windows that should be up so you can even bring them back that way
okay um but bring this up a time-honoured super zoomed out because
there are sixteen by sixteen tired so i have to press control mouse wheel and
kind of zoom in and i’m just going to quickly just by clicking and sort of you
know clicking and right-clicking to remove i’m just gonna draw in the
village all right I think that’ll do for now for
the base tile they’re just one thing I should probably explain I’m also going
to add that this obviously sometimes you’ll have tiles like I do here that
you want to draw above other things so don’t be afraid to just add more tile
layers and like this tile layer is never going to interact anything game wise and
really matter what it’s called or how many of them you have so I’m just gonna
go into parent and I’m gonna add just another one about here what’s called
just tiles upper and I’m gonna search would be the exact same tile map and
come back into our village and then we’ve got this one as well which just a
unless is place some more tiles but above the layer we currently have okay
and just pop some kind of flowers and stuff about place yeah just a handful
white I think that looks fine all right so that’s our village now a bit easier
to distinguish from our other rooms I’m gonna move the player first of all we
don’t want to standing on this war I’m also gonna change this the change this
to like eight by eight or something just so I could shouldn’t the grid there just
to allow me just snap objects around a little bit easier and then I’m gonna
come to the coal at layer and just paint in on the collidable areas okay well
that’s a good point actually if I come to our parent I need to move this above
the other things just so we can actually see it above our art tiles
okay that’s important to come back here you see that’s that’s inherited fine
it’s important we actually need to be able just see it above the art so so we
can see what we’re doing so I’m just gonna paint and where I want to be
collidable suppose we don’t want you walking off here we’ll just put
invisible wall there for now we’ll do something about that layer not sure what
that and yeah we’ll also stop you’re walking off it just for now but we’ll
make that area transition eventually but that’s fine for now that’s everywhere we
can collide with and so that would all work other than the fact we can’t
actually get to this room because we’ll be stuck in our in it at the moment with
no way to actually get to this room it would work obviously as well
we’re gonna eventually put roofs on our buildings as well they’re not just gonna
look like these empty spaces um but uh we’re gonna save that for a future
episode because I’m gonna deal with we’ll put those on at the same time as I
deal with making a/c can have rooms that you don’t aren’t necessarily room
trapped like this one will be a transition we’ll go from this to a
separate room entirely where we have a shop whereas this one will just be one
where we kind of make the roof transparent once you go in and you can
kind of see what you’re doing on the inside so the two different things so
we’re gonna leave them for later for now they can just can’t look like this which
i think is fine all right so now it’s about time to actually make that Oh game
object to us talking about the the main focus of this actual episode so I’m
going to right click on objects hit create object and call it o and game and
then a market as persistent that’s kind of important also gonna close it’s gonna
close the room editors that we’ve got just to close that down yeah so in your
market persistent because this object is going to hang around between rooms like
you’re today of instances of this object will persist between rooms so we make it
once in I knit and then it will always exist in every room as long as we have a
explicitly destroyer so there’s gonna be a few events than this first one’s gonna
be the create event um let’s make the code nice and big I
won’t necessarily maximize this because we’re not we’re not gonna be in this
code window for very long but later on this will develop into a code window
with quite a lot of things and it will be where we do all of our global
variables and where we initialize a lot of different things not a whole lot to
do right now that needs initializing um just a handful of things really need to
set a global for our game paused state so I’ll do that global dark game pause
equals false and the only other real thing is to go to the next room go to
the appropriate room know type room understood go to open bracket room
underscore start in all caps which is going to be a macro that I’m going to
fight when it comes to macros real quick hache macro room and just go start space
and then the name of whatever we want to be the initial room of the game since it
doesn’t matter anymore it’s at the top we we need to know which one we want to
skip to and that’s gonna be our village all right and then that allows us to
easily change that if we ever want to star in a different room to test things
out and so on okay back to the workspace now that’ll go red those are the only
two real things we need in the create event for now I’ll put a description in
here as well um just feels right and this initialize and Global’s class the
main thing we’re gonna do in here while I’m here as well I may as well support
randomized open bracket close bracket semicolon that’s a function that will
just change the random seed of the game okay just to make sure if you ever do
anything in your game and most games of any complexity usually have some element
of orangey and then somewhere or other not all but you know the vast majority
you probably want to have this somewhere unless you’re doing something specific
because otherwise every single time you run your game the random results are
always gonna be the same and that guarantee is like in you know if you
made a game that generated three random numbers and just printed them to the
screen and say it came up with twelve thirty 256 every single time you ran it
it would come up with twelve thirty-two and fifty six every single time unless
you have this randomize function carry out just once and start your game and
just to randomize the seed of RNG for thanking all right so that’s the create
event for now as I said there’s not much going on in here but as the project
develops a lot more stuff will be getting added to this specifically a lot
of global variables and things like that we’ll need to Claire and we’ll go in
here and so on alright next I’m going to add a couple
more tiny events first is going to be a key pressed letters our event mostly for
us rather than the players will probably remove you know if you want to ship this
to players it’s good to remember to remove this
her before you actually do unless it’s a small game you want our to be just a
game restart button we’re yeah we’re literally just gonna have this event
restart the game so game underscore restart open bracket close bracket
semicolon alright that’s just for us just so that
when we’re running the game we can quickly just press R and restart next
one we’re gonna add the room start event which is somewhere other other
yeah other rooms start and so this event will get carried out every single time a
rumor started generally a helpful event in a persistent object so that you know
when you go from room to room this is going to happen ever so every time we do
like like we’re doing here room go to we go to another room and that room is
initialized in the game these things will happen okay
including when we go to like if we go from that room back to our and it for
some reason or to another level and then we come back to our village it’ll happen
again so every single time a room this startup all right so on room start what
we want to do is set the description of this to be layer and management the only
function I’m going to carry out in here for now is layer underscore set
underscore visible open bracket call in quotation marks comma bolts close
brackets gonna come on alright that is going to take that collision layer and
set it to be invisible obviously if we have it invisible
already that’s fine it goes from invisible to invisible but if it’s
visible it goes from physical to invisible that
just lets us keep this on while we’re editing and drawing like a collision
tiles around and we’re toggling it on and off we don’t worry I have to worry
about going through every single room turning this off every time we want to
run the game and see what it looks like we can just leave it on while we’re
editing very useful and so as you can see just sometimes a lot of code you add
is not necessarily about like the end result the game end result of the game
that the player is going to see but sometimes your routing code that’s
essentially just like a framework for you all right I like the scaffolding
around your game if you will that allows you to build on it easier
all right in the last event we want to add in here for now is the end step
events go to step and step again I can’t remember why I use the end
step specifically for this one but there will be a good reason her in terms of
the ordering and stuff I’ve done with other objects and things later on but
the important thing is it’s just just like a normal step event just carried
out every step and just carried out after all the other step events over
other objects in a particular step all right
um so the description for this one is pause the game all right this is just
gonna be about as pressing like the Escape key to pause the game in fact
before I actually do anything more in here while it’s coming let’s just show
you now if I press f5 oh wait nothing happens because we don’t have oh game in
in the game so go to our net good resources on the instances layer make
sure again make sure it’s are in it and not our parent and just stick a copy of
that object in you’ll see it’s big question marks it’s got a new sprite
assigned won’t actually draw that not the word drawing this frame anyway it’s
just gonna be an invisible object and that’ll just so the first thing it does
when we run the game is it loads are a net loads this object and then our
object renders create event and so that’s all those variables and then does
room go to and sends us to our village here we are and you can see our
collision all working fine you can see our collision layer is invisible even
though in here it’s clearly visible just so you can see everything we’re doing so
far is working always nice to to check that all right
so back in this and stabbed event I will go ahead and maximize this now I will
close down those rooms anything we need to do anything more on them and I think
this is the last thing we’re going to be doing this episode so pausing the game
we first of all just want to check if we’re pressing the Escape key simple
enough if Open bracket keyboard let’s go a check I’m just go
VK escaped open the braces really quick easy way here to toggle a variable and
so you know we’ve got global game paused which is currently false if I type
global got global dog game pause and set it to equal not global dot game pause
that will just invert this boolean okay so rather than being like oh if it’s
false set it to true and if it’s true so that the false doing this accomplishes
the exact same thing because obviously if that’s if game pause is true then
nothing is going to return false and if it’s false then knotting it is going to
return true okay so it just inverts it very useful so we know we’ve tackled it
so we know if we were paused or not anymore and if we know and we know if we
were not paused we are now so if global dot game pause what we’re gonna do what
that means is we’ve only just paused we’ve just paused it because we’ve just
we know we’ve just done this so we know this is the moment we knew that the
composed or become on pause so if we’ve just become paused and I do with all
kind of a rare use of that all as a keyword and it’ll just select every
single instance okay every single instance there every object type that’s
that’s currently active in the game alright so with everything a game pause
image speed equals image speed so we’re gonna take the image speed of every
single instance in the game and we’re gonna store it in a variable within that
instance so every instance is gonna save its current image speed it’s its current
animation speed right and then we’re just going to set that image speed to
equal zero we’re just going to stop them animate entirely and have some I know
some of you are now thinking or hang on a second that’s not quite how a player
works but we’ll come back for that don’t worry
about that this is more about like every other object in the game that will be
using image view there’s currently nothing our player is the only object
but later on they’ll be plenty of things to animate in to save time we’ll
probably just use image speed to animate some of the simple ones so it is it’s
still relevant all right else so if the game has just become unpause then what
we can do is with or essentially the opposite image speed equals game paused
image speed and we will know that exists because obviously the game isn’t
starting off paused so will be composed first when we first press escape set
that variable up in everything and then when we next press it and we unpause it
it’ll set the image feed back to the English thing we’re not as I say we’re
not you’re gonna see the result of this right away we’ll see it in a later
episode when we have things to animate with image speed but it’s nice to have
that all set up and ready now in terms of pausing the player because obviously
they’ve got logic and stuff to carry on and as I say their animation doesn’t
actually use image speed okay it gets the speed of the the sprite but it just
adds that to local frame so what we want to do instead is in a player in the step
event we still want to get the players inputs because when we pause we’ll
probably have like a little pause menu or something I don’t know oh you know we
still want to be able to gather inputs from the player for any number of
different reasons so we’ll allow all about to keep running but here when we
execute the state machine I’m just gonna wrap this in an if global dot game pause
you can either do equals false like that or you can just put the not symbol the
start okay which it’s the same thing to check what that is false so assuming the
game is not paused run the state machine and then the state machine in state
furnace oh and that’s where we animate sprite so we know that that will pauses
mid frame okay that’s everything so if I run the game now pressing f5 moving
around in here if I press escape you can see that’s
paused as mid-frame more obvious if I doing a roll like that I see him now
just totally paused because we’re still running on this code every where is it
where’s the player yeah we’re still running this code every single frame of
the moment the game is still running you know you know the game is not totally
slept or whatever but so we run this but every time we come to this that’s true
so we don’t execute the state machine and that carries out all the logic of
the frame so we’re just going to stay in the exact same place because we’re not
going to move anywhere valleys aren’t gonna get it dated in any way and we’re
not gonna animate in any way it’s we’re not going to change what frame wrong so
effectively totally pause all right and then that’s more or less the same
way with pause other things throughout the game okay we’re just gonna keep
wrapping stuff in this that’s why I like to set this up early because if I want
to do game pause in this way and it’s a simple nice effective way to do it
honestly can feel a bit like a janky thing to put into a game that’s already
quite far developed to be like oh do I just wrap everything and every object
and like if the game paused is true then don’t do anything but I think it’s fine
I think it’s easy to do if you get it in nice and early as well so you don’t have
to you know be running around making sure you chasing after every object and
finding and discovering when you’re testing your game that you missed an
object or something like that for balls it’s easier if you get it in earlier and
you just remember to put it in as you make each new object all right so that’s
pausing the game that’s posing Leona’s initializing the game
I realize that hasn’t added that much exciting stuff to the game itself but
hey we’ve got the tile set in now as well so that’s nice too thanks for
sticking with this that’s episode 5 I’ll see you guys on episode 6 that was
episode 5 episode 6 coming next Friday as per usual and also as per usual
thanks to all of my patrons without whom none of this work would exist their
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12 thoughts on “GameMaker Studio 2: Action RPG Tutorial (Part 5: Initialisation/Pausing)

  1. Will you also be covering how to access options, inventory, current mission objects and save and load game while in pause mode in a future tutorial video? I feel that covering how to do these is essential because I want the player to have access to important stuff when the game is paused. just thought I'd ask

  2. I have a question for you Shaun. Why didn't when you were pausing the game just use instance_deactivate_all? Which is a function that deactivates every instance in the game at the time and has a counterpart instance_activate_all. I'm sure there is a logical explanation for this since your such an awesome programmer! Keep up the great work Shaun!

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